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The African Women Who Ran for President – How They Fared

Nigeria’s Remi Sonaiya was only the country’s third female presidential candidate. (Photo/AFP)

Nigeria’s Remi Sonaiya was only the country’s third female presidential candidate. (Photo/AFP)

Christine Mungai

HILLARY Clinton Sunday  announced her candidature for the US presidency, the second time she will seek the Democratic Party’s nomination following her failed bid in 2008.

The First Lady between 1993 and 2000 when her husband Bill was president, and Secretary of State in 2009-2013 during President Barack Obama’s first term in office, Clinton is the clear front-runner for the party nomination, so much that the New York Times  said it could be one of the “least contested races in recent history.”

It is a stark contrast from seven years ago when Clinton started with an early lead, only to be drawn into a long and expensive battle. She ended up placing third behind Obama and Senator John Edwards.

While Clinton is virtually a shoo-in, in Africa, the story often unfolds very differently. On the very day that she launched her candidature, the leader of South Africa’s main opposition party Helen Zille  announced she would not stand for re-election at the party’s upcoming congress next month.

Zille’s sudden decision has largely been interpreted as forced by circumstances: her party’s parliamentary leader Mmusi Maimane is the new, fast-rising kid on the block, and significantly, he is black.

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Channing Phillips – Democratic Party Presidential Candidate – 1968

rftgyChanning Emery Phillips (March 23, 1928 – November 11, 1987) was an American minister, civil rights leader and social activist, who made history as the first African-American placed in nomination for President of the United States by a major political party.

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Elaine Brown – Green Party Presidential Candidate – 2008

Elaine Brown (born March 2, 1943) is an American prison activist, writer, singer, and former Black Panther Party chairwoman who is based in Oakland, California.[1] Brown briefly ran for the Green Party presidential nomination in 2008.

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Andre Barnett – Reform Party Presidential Nominee – 2012

Andre Nigel Barnett (born June 2, 1976) is an American politician and entrepreneur. He was a candidate for President of the United States as the 2012 nominee of the Reform Party of the United States of America.

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Peta Lindsay – Party for Socialism and Liberation Presidential Nominee – 2012

Peta Lindsay (born 1984) is an American anti-war activist and was a presidential nominee of the Party for Socialism and Liberation in the 2012 U.S. presidential election.

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Stewart Alexander – Socialist – 2012

Stewart Alexis Alexander (born 1 October 1951) is an American democratic socialist politician, presidential nominee for the Socialist Party USA in the 2012 election,[2][3][4] and former SPUSA nominee for Vice President of the United States in the 2008 election.

A resident of California, Alexander was the Peace and Freedom Party candidate for Lieutenant Governor in 2006. He received 43,319 votes, 0.5% of the total. In August 2010, Alexander declared his candidacy for the President of the United States with the Socialist Party and Green Party.[5] In January 2011, Alexander also declared his candidacy for the presidential nomination of the Peace and Freedom Party.

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Herman Cain – Republican Party Presidential Candidate – 2012

Herman Cain (born December 13, 1945)[4] is an American author, business executive, radio host, syndicated columnist, and Tea Party activist from Georgia.[5][6][7] He was a candidate for the 2012 U.S. Republican Party presidential nomination.

In May 2011, Cain announced his presidential candidacy. By the fall, his proposed 9–9–9 tax plan and debating performances had made him the Republican front-runner and he briefly led President Obama in the polls.[20] In November, however, his campaign struggled with allegations of sexual misconduct – all denied by Cain[21] – and he announced its suspension on December 3.[22] At the end of 2011, the Pew Research Center reported that, of the Republican candidates, “Herman Cain was the most covered candidate” during the year.

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Alfred C. Sharpton – Democratic Party Presidential Candidate – 2004, 2008

Alfred CharlesAlSharpton Jr.[2] (born October 3, 1954) is an American civil rights activist, Baptist minister, television/radio talk show host[3][4] and a trusted White House adviser who, according to 60 Minutes, has become President Barack Obama‘s “go-to black leader.”[5] In 2004, he was a candidate for the Democratic nomination for the U.S. presidential election. He hosts his own radio talk show, Keepin’ It Real,[6] and he makes regular guest appearances on Fox News (such as on The O’Reilly Factor),[7][8][9] CNN, and MSNBC. In 2011, he was named the host of MSNBC’s PoliticsNation, a nightly talk show.[10] In 2015, the program was shifted to Sunday mornings.

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Cynthia McKinney – Green Party Presidential Nominee – 2008

Cynthia Ann McKinney (born March 17, 1955) is an American politician and activist. As a member of the Democratic Party, she served six terms in the United States House of Representatives. In 2008, the Green Party of the United States nominated McKinney for President of the United States. She was the first black woman to represent Georgia in the House.

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Carol Moseley-Braun – Democratic Party Presidential Candidate – 2004

Carol Elizabeth Moseley-Braun, also sometimes Moseley-Braun[2] (born August 16, 1947), was the first and to date only female African-American Senator, the first African-American U.S. Senator for the Democratic Party, the first woman to defeat an incumbent U.S. Senator in an election, and the first and to date only female Senator from Illinois.  She was a candidate for the Democratic nomination during the 2004 U.S. presidential election.

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Alan Keyes – Americas Independent Party Presidential Nominee – 2008

On June 5, 2007, We Need Alan Keyes for President was formed as a political action committee to encourage Alan Keyes to enter the 2008 presidential election.[62] On September 14, 2007, Keyes officially announced his candidacy in an interview with radio show host Janet Parshall.[63] On September 17, 2007, Keyes participated in the Values Voter Debate streamed live on Sky Angel, the Values Voter website, and radio. In a straw poll of the attending audience, Keyes placed third among the invited candidates, after Mike Huckabee and Ron Paul.[64] Keyes was excluded from the Republican CNN/YouTube debate on November 28, 2007.

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Alan Keyes – Republican Party Presidential Candidate – 1992, 1996, 2000

Alan Keyes in Bedford, N.H., officially joined the crowded race for the Republican presidential nomination, billing himself as the “real conservative choice” in the crowded field. Keyes, a talk show host who also ran for president in 1996, had a message for conservatives–stick with the GOP. “This is not the time for us to abandon the decent heart of the Republican majority,” he told a crowd of about 60 supporters.

He ran for President of the United States in 1992, 1996 and 2000.

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John Parker – Workers World Party Presidential Nominee – 2004

John Parker was the candidate of the Workers World Party, a U.S. communist political party, for President of the United States in 2004. Parker and his running mate was Teresa Gutierrez received 1,330 votes [1].

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Monica Moorehead – Workers World Party Presidential Nominee – 1996, 2000, 2016

Monica Gail Moorehead (born 1952, Tuscaloosa, Alabama) is a frequent candidate of the Workers World Party, a U.S. Communist party. An African American, she is a former school teacher, and has been a political activist since high school. She distributed newspapers for the Black Panther Party and subsequently joined the WWP in 1972. She rose to the national leadership in 1979.

Her presidential campaign in 1996 received around 29,000 votes. In 2000 she received 4,795 votes; that year she was only on the ballot in Florida, Rhode Island, Washington, and Wisconsin.[1] On both occasions, her vice-presidential running-mate was Gloria LaRiva.

Ms. Moorehead was the ONLY black person nominated for president of the United States during the 2016 election cycle.

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James Harris – Socialist Workers Party Presidential Nominee – 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012

James Harris (born 1948) is an American politician and member of the National Committee of the Socialist Workers Party. He was the party’s candidate for President of the United States in 1996 receiving 8,463 votes and again in 2000 when his ticket received 7,378 votes. In 2008 he received 2,424 votes. In July 2012, Harris was named the Socialist Workers Party nominee for President. The Vice Presidential nominee is Maura DeLuca.

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